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International Journal of Psychiatry Sciences

Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A (2020)

Convergent validity of Leon Steiner’s measure of amaxophobia

Author(s):

Leon Steiner, Zack Cernovsky

Abstract:
Background: Steiner’s Automobile Anxiety Inventory is a 23 item questionnaire of which 18 can be scored as a measure of vehicular anxiety (amaxophobia) as common in survivors of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). Method: Scores on Steiner’s questionnaire were available for 33 survivors of car accidents (mean age 39.5 years, SD=12.8, 9 men, 24 women). Their scores on the Driving Anxiety Questionnaire and on Whetstone Vehicle Anxiety Questionnaire were also available, as well as scores on measures of PTSD (PCL-5), and of post-concussive and whiplash symptoms, pain, insomnia, depression, and anxiety. Results and Discussion: Significant correlations of moderate size were found of Steiner’s questionnaire to the Driving Anxiety Questionnaire (r=.50) and Whetstone questionnaire (r=.45) and also to the PCL-5 measure of PTSD symptoms (r=.57). Steiner’s scores were significantly, but on a weaker level, correlated with scales of post-concussive and whiplash symptoms, but not with age, gender, measures of pain or insomnia, or with number of prior MVAs or with number of weeks since the MVA. Conclusion: The results indicate an acceptable convergent validity of Steiner’s Automobile Anxiety Inventory as a brief screening tool for amaxophobia in clinical settings

Pages: 08-11  |  1813 Views  620 Downloads


International Journal of Psychiatry Sciences
How to cite this article:
Leon Steiner, Zack Cernovsky. Convergent validity of Leon Steiner’s measure of amaxophobia. Int. J. Psychiatry Res. 2020;2(1):08-11. DOI: 10.33545/26649241.2020.v2.i1a.9